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What is a Bunion?

 A bunion is a bony lump that appears at the bottom of the big toe on one or both feet, causing the toe to bend inwards. This foot deformity occurs from prolonged pressure on the big toe joint which causes the toe joint to be out of alignment. The medical term for bunions is hallux abducto valgus.

Causes for Bunion

Family history with the condition, certain foot types are more likely to form bunions

Flat feet or low arches


Foot injury or trauma


Inflammatory arthritis of the foot



Pain and stiffness of the big toe joint 

Inability to bend the big toe 

Numbness in the big toe

Swelling of the big toe joint

Difficulty walking or wearing regular shoes

Arthritis in the big toe

If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, please seek medical attention right away. Schedule a consultation with Dr. Chow at Total Foot & Ankle Care by calling (212) 226-6888. 


Depending on the condition of your bunion, Dr. Chow may recommend non-surgical treatment options including changing shoes, OTC bunion pads or cushions, pain relief medication (Tylenol, etc.), shoe inserts or simply applying ice on the bunion.

However, if your bunion symptoms are severe or persistent which can worsen poor circulation, bone infection, and more, then Minimally Invasive Bunion Surgery to correct the misalignment may be considered.


For more information about Minimally Invasive Bunion Surgery, click Learn More.

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